See full peer-reviewed publication list at Pubmed or Google Scholar.


Kobayashi LC, Farrell MT, Payne CF, Mall S, Montana L, Wagner RG, Kahn K, Tollman SM, Berkman LF. Adverse childhood experiences and domain-specific cognitive function in a population-based study of older adults in rural South Africa. Psychol Aging 2020 35(6):818-30.

Kobayashi LC, Cohen HJ, Zhai W, Zhou X, Small BJ, Luta G, Hurria A, Carroll J, Tometich D, McDonald B, Graham D, Jim HSL, Root JC, Saykin AJ, Ahles TA, Mandelblatt J. Cognitive function prior to systemic therapy and subsequent well-being in older breast cancer survivors: longitudinal findings from the Thinking and Living with Cancer study. Psycho-oncology 2020;29(6):1051-9. doi: 10.1002/pon.5376

Ospina-Romero M, Glymour MM, Hayes-Larson E, Mayeda ER, Graff RE, Brenowitz WD, Ackley SF, Witte J, Kobayashi LC. Association between cancer and Alzheimer’s disease with evaluation of study biases: systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Network Open 2020;3(11):e2025515. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25515

Ospina-Romero M, Brenowitz W, Glymour MM, Mayeda ER, Graff RE, Witte JS, Ackley S, Kobayashi LC. The association between cancer and spousal rate of memory decline: a negative control study to evaluate (unmeasured) social confounding of the cancer-memory relationship. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 2020 doi: 10.1097/WAD.0000000000000398 [Epub ahead of print]

Finn BM, Kobayashi LC. Structural inequality in the time of COVID-19: segregation, urbanization, and pandemic control in sub-Saharan Africa. Dialogues Hum Geogr 2020;10(2):217-220.

Rosenberg M, Gómez-Olivé FX, Wagner R, Rohr J, Payne C, Berkman L, Kahn K, Tollman S, Bärnighausen T, Kobayashi LC. The relationships between cognitive function, literacy, and HIV status knowledge among older adults in rural South Africa. J Int Aids Soc 2020;23(3):e25457.

Harling G, Kobayashi LC, Farrell MT, Wagner RG, Berkman LF. Social contact, social support, and cognitive health in a population-based study of middle-aged and older men and women in rural South Africa. Soc Sci Med 2020;260:113167.

Farrell MT, Kobayashi LC, Montana L, Wagner RG, Demeyere N, Berkman L. Education disparity only partially explains cognitive gender differences in older rural South Africans. J Gerontol B Soc Sci Psychol Sci 2020;75(7):e161-e173. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbaa035

Hayes-Larson E, Ackley SF, Zimmerman SC, Ospina-Romero M, Glymour MM, Graff RE, Witte FS, Kobayashi LC, Mayeda ER. The competing risk of death and selective survival cannot fully explain the inverse cancer-dementia association. Alzheimer Dement 2020 [Epub ahead of print] doi: 10.1002/alz.12168

Payne CF, Mall S, Kobayashi LC, Kahn K, Berkman LF. Life-course trauma and later-life health in a post-apartheid South African population. J Aging Health 2020 doi: 10.1177/0898264320913450 [Epub ahead of print]


Kobayashi LC, Altindag OA, Truskinovsky Y, Berkman LF. Effects of the Affordable Care Act Medicaid expansion on subjective well-being in the US adult population, 2010-2016. Am J Public Health 2019; 109(9): 1236-42. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2019.305164

Kobayashi LC, Mateen FJ, Montana L, Wagner RG, Kahn K, Tollman SM, Berkman LF. Cognitive function and impairment in older, rural South African adults: Evidence from “Health and Aging in Africa: A Longitudinal Study of an INDEPTH Community in Rural South Africa” (HAALSI)Neuroepidemiol 2019; 52(1-2):32-40. doi: 10.1159/000493483

Kobayashi LC, Berkman LF, Wagner RG, Kahn K, Tollman SM, Subramanian SV. Education modifies the relationship between height and cognitive function in a cross-sectional, population-based study of older adults in rural South Africa. Eur J Epidemiol 2019;34(2): doi: 1007/s10654-018-0453-1131-9

Kobayashi LC, Feldman JM. Employment trajectories in midlife and cognitive performance in later life: longitudinal study of older American men and womenJ Epidemiol Community Health 2019;73(3):232-238. doi: 10.1136/jech-2018-211153

Kobayashi LC, Frank S, Ruimallo-Herl C, Canning D, Berkman LF. Socioeconomic gradients in chronic disease risk behaviors in a population-based study of older adults in rural South AfricaInt J Public Health 2019;64(1):135-145. doi: 10.1007/s00038-018-1173-8.

Ospina-Romero M, Abdhiwahab E, Kobayashi L, Filshtein T, Brenowitz WD, Mayeda ER, Glymour MM. Rate of memory change before and after cancer diagnosis. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(6):e196160.

Houle B, Gaziano T, Farrell M, Gomez-Olive FX, Kobayashi LC, Crowther NJ, Wade AN, Montana L, Wagner RG, Berkman L, Tollman SM. Cognitive function and cardiometabolic disease risk factors in rural South Africa: baseline evidence from the HAALSI study. BMC Public Health 2019;19(1):1579.

Dodd RH, Kobayashi LC, von Wagner C. Perceived life expectancy and colorectal cancer screening intentions and behaviour: a population-based UK study. Prev Med Rep 2019;16:101002. doi:10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.101002

Tometich D, Small BJ, Carroll JE, Zhai W, Luta G, Zhou X, Kobayashi LC, Ahles T, Saykin AJ, Clapp JD, Jim HSL, Jacobsen PB, Hurria A, Graham D, McDonald BC, Denduluri N, Extermann M, Isaacs C, Dilawari A, Root J, Rini C, Mandelblatt JS; Thinking and Living with Cancer (TLC) Study. Pre-treatment neuropsychological symptoms and their association with longitudinal cognitive function and quality of life in older breast cancer survivorsJ Pain Symp Manage 2019;57(3):596-606. doi: 10.1200/JCO.18.00140

Schuetz JM, Grundy A, Lee DG, Lai AS, Kobayashi LC, Richardson H, Long J, Zheng W, Aronson KJ, Spinelli JJ, Brooks-Wilson AR. Genetic variants in genes related to inflammation, apoptosis and autophagy in breast cancer riskPLOS One 2019;14(1):e0209010. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0209010


Kobayashi LC, Steptoe A. Social isolation, loneliness, and health behaviors at older ages: longitudinal cohort study. Ann Behav Med 2018;52:582-593.

Finlay JM, Kobayashi LC. Social isolation and loneliness in later-life: a parallel convergent mixed-methods case study of older adults and their residential contexts in the Minneapolis metropolitan area, USA. Soc Sci Med 2018;208:25-33.

Mandelblatt JS, Small BJ, Luta G, Hurria A, Jim H, McDonald BC, Graham D, Zhou X, Clapp J, Zhai W, Breen E, Carroll JE, Denduluri N, Dilawari A, Extermann M, Isaacs C, Jacobsen PB, Kobayashi LC, Holohan Nudelman K, Root J, Stern RA, Tometich D, Turner R, VanMeter JW, Saykin AJ, Ahles T. Cancer-related cognitive outcomes among older breast cancer survivors in the Thinking and Living with Cancer StudyJ Clin Oncol 2018; doi: 10.1200/JCO.18.00140 [Epub ahead of print].

Payne CF, Davies JI, Gomez-Olive FX, Hands KJ, Kahn K, Kobayashi LC, Tipping B, Tollman SM, Wade A, Witham MD. Cross-sectional relationship between haemoglobin concentration and measures of physical and cognitive function in an older rural South African population. J Epidemiol Community Health 2018;72(9):796-802.

Smith SG, Jackson SE, Kobayashi LC, Steptoe A. Social isolation, health literacy, and mortality risk: findings from the English Longitudinal Study of AgeingHealth Psychol 2018;37(2):160-169.

Vrinten C, Boniface D, Lo SH, Kobayashi LC, von Wagner C, Waller J. Does psychosocial stress exacerbate avoidant responses to cancer information in those who are afraid of cancer? A population-based survey among older adults in the UK. Psychol Health 2018;33(1):117-129.


Kobayashi LC, Glymour MM, Kahn K, Payne CF, Wagner RG, Montana L, Mateen FJ, Tollman SM, Berkman LF. Childhood deprivation and later-life cognitive function in a population-based study of older, rural South Africans. Soc Sci Med 2017;190:20-28.

Kobayashi LC, Jackson SE, Lee SJ, Wardle J, Steptoe A. The development and validation of a 10-year mortality risk index in a longitudinal cohort of older English adults. Age Ageing 2017;46(3):427-432.

Kobayashi LC, von Wagner C, Wardle J. Perceived life expectancy is associated with colorectal cancer screening uptake in England. Ann Behav Med 2017;51:327-336.

Shi J*, Kobayashi LC*, Grundy A, Richardson H, SenGupta S, Lohrisch C, Spinelli JJ, Aronson KJ. Lifetime moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and ER/PR/HER2-defined post-menopausal breast cancer riskBreast Cancer Res Treat 2017;165(1):201-213. *co-first authors

Hirst Y, Skrobanksi H, Kerrison R, Kobayashi LC, Counsell N, Djedovic N, Ruwende J, Stewart M, von Wagner C. Text-message reminders in colorectal cancer screening (TRICCS): a randomised controlled trial. Br J Cancer 2017;116:1408-1414.

Smith SG, Foy R, McGowan J, Kobayashi LC, Burn J, Brown K, Side L, Cuzick J. General practitioner attitudes towards prescribing aspirin to carriers of Lynch Syndrome: findings from a national survey. Fam Cancer 2017;16(4):509-516.

Smith SG, Foy R, McGowan JA, Kobayashi LC, Brown K, de Censi A, Side L, Cuzick J. Prescribing tamoxifen in primary care for the prevention of breast cancer: a national online survey of GPs’ attitudes. Br J Gen Pract 2017;67:e414-e427.


Kobayashi LC, Wardle J, Wolf MS, von Wagner C. Aging and functional health literacy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2016;71(3):445-457.

Kobayashi LC, Wardle J, Wolf MS, von Wagner C. Health literacy and moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity during ageing, 2004-13. Am J Prev Med 2016;51(4):463-472.

Kobayashi LC, Waller J, von Wagner C, Wardle J. A lack of information engagement among non-participants in colorectal cancer screening: cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health 2016;6:659.

Kobayashi LC, Smith SG. Cancer fatalism, literacy, and cancer information seeking in the American public. Health Educ Behav 2016;43(4):461-470.

Smith SG, Kobayashi LC, Wolf MS, Raine R, Wardle J, von Wagner C. The associations between objective numeracy and colorectal cancer screening knowledge, attitudes and defensive processing in a deprived community sample. J Health Psychol 2016;21(8):1665-1675.

Boyle T, Fritschi L, Kobayashi LC, Heyworth JS, Lee DG, Si S, Aronson KJ, Spinelli JJ. Sedentary work and the risk of breast cancer in pre- and post-menopausal women: a pooled analysis of two case-control studies. Occ Environ Med 2016;73:735-741.

Shi J, Aronson KJ, Grundy A, Kobayashi LC, Burstyn I, Scheutz JM, Lohrisch CA, SenGupta SK, Lai AS, Brooks-Wilson A, Spinelli J, Richardson H. Polymorphisms of insulin-like growth factor 1 pathway genes and breast cancer risk. Front Oncol 2016;6:136.

Hirst Y, Kerrison R, Kobayashi LC, Djedovic N, Ruwende J, Stewart M, Wardle J, von Wagner C. Primary care-based text reminders in colorectal cancer screening (TRICCS): protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMC Public Health 2016;16(1):74.


Kobayashi LC, von Wagner C. Health literacy during aging. J Gen Intern Med 2015; 30(12):1732.

Kobayashi LC, Wardle J, Wolf MS, von Wagner C. Cognitive function and health literacy decline in a cohort of older English adults. J Gen Intern Med 2015;30(7):958-964.

Kobayashi LC, Smith SG, O’Conor R, Curtis LM, Park D, von Wagner C, Deary IJ, Wolf MS. The role of cognitive function in the relationship between age and health literacy: a cross-sectional analysis of older adults in Chicago, USA. BMJ Open 2015;5(4):e007222.

Kobayashi LC, Wardle J, von Wagner C. Internet use, social engagement, and health literacy decline during ageing in a longitudinal cohort of older English adults. J Epidemiol Community Health 2015;69:278-283.

Lo SH, Waller J, Vrinten C, Kobayashi LC, von Wagner C. Social cognitive mediators of sociodemographic differences in colorectal cancer screening uptake. Biomed Res Int 2015; 2015:165074.

Smith SG, Forster A, Kobayashi LC. Predictors of human papillomavirus awareness and knowledge in 2013: the importance of health literacy. Am J Prev Med 2015;49(1):e5-e7.

Solmi F, von Wagner C, Kobayashi LC, Wardle J, Raine R, Morris S. Decomposing socio-economic inequality in colorectal cancer screening uptake in England. Soc Sci Med 2015;134:76-86.


Kobayashi LC, Wardle J, von Wagner C. Limited health literacy is a barrier to colorectal cancer screening in England: evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Prev Med 2014;61:100-105.

Kobayashi LC, Janssen I, Richardson H, Lai AS, Spinelli JJ, Aronson KJ. A case-control study of lifetime light intensity physical activity and breast cancer risk. Cancer Causes Control 2014;25(1):133-140.

Wallingford S, Jones G, Kobayashi LC, Grundy A, Miao Q, Tranmer J, Aronson KJ. UV and dietary predictors of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations among young working nurses and implications for bone density and skin cancer. Public Health Nutr 2014;17(4):772-779.


Kobayashi LC, Janssen I, Richardson H, Lai AS, Spinelli JJ, Aronson KJ. Moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity across the life course and risk of pre- and post-menopausal breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat 2013;139:851-861.

Kobayashi LC, Limburg H, Miao Q, Bedard L, Woolcott C, Massey TE, Aronson KJ. Folate intake, alcohol consumption, and the methylenetetrahydrofolate (MTHFR) C677T gene polymorphism: influence on prostate cancer risk and interactions. Front Oncol 2012;2:100.

Kobayashi LC. The future of primary cancer prevention in Canada: Reaching for every ounce of prevention means reaching for equity. Health Science Inquiry 2011;2:52-3.
(Winner: Top Cancer Prevention Submission, 2011)

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